Bliss and Creighton
John Bliss and Frederick Creighton were distinguished chronometer makers who worked in New York from 1837 to 1855. They imported rough movements (also called unfinished movements, movements in the grey, and ébauches) from England and finished them in New York; however, in 1848 they exhibited several of their chronometers at the American Institute's Exhibition in New York that they promoted to be entirely made in America (Randall, 87). John Bliss apprenticed about 1808 to Benjamin Lord in Rutland, Vermont and prior to the partnership with Frederick Creighton worked at 135 Water Street, New York (Voss).

Few examples of pocket watches made by Bliss and Creighton are known. A movement signed Bliss and Creighton, serial no. 19225, is in the American Clock & Watch Museum in Bristol, Ct. The museum also has a movement signed John Bliss, serial no. 2556 with an up-down indicator in its collection. This example is pictured in Cooper's article: John Cairns (1751-1809) and Other Early American Watchmakers (Cooper, 36).

Bliss & Creighton Watch
Bliss & Creighton Watch

Bliss and Creighton
New York

Description: Fusee movement with a right angle lever escapement and bimetallic compensating balance with distinctive Bliss and Creighton tapered balance arms. Later silver case.  “Made in the year 1853” scratched on the balance plate prior to gilding.

Bliss and Creighton Watch

References and recommended reading:
  • David Cooper, John Cairns (1751-1809) and Other Early American Watchmakers, NAWCC Watch & Clock Bulletin, No. 336, (February, 2002), pp. 26-38 
  • Anthony Randall, The Time Museum Catalogue of Chronometers, The Time Museum, Rockford, Illinois, 1991
  • William Erik Voss (see references on Home page)